As the result of a 1973 U.S. Supreme Court case, Roe v. Wade, access to safe and legal abortion was deemed a constitutional right. Roe wasn’t the beginning of abortion in America — rather; it allowed people to access abortion legally and prevented people dying from unsafe, illegal abortions1. By this decision, the U.S. Supreme Court acknowledged that the U.S. Constitution protects a person's (women) right to make their own medical decisions, including the decision to have an abortion.
So why, 45 years later, are women fighting for their right and autonomy in regards their body? Access to safe, legal abortion is healthcare. The reasons women get abortions vary; to save their lives or physical health, in cases of rape and incest, to avoid birth defects and unintended pregnancy. Whatever your reason, the government shouldn’t limit your access to that healthcare service.
Unintended pregnancy is a major contributor to abortion. Using effective contraception is crucial! Reducing unintended pregnancies further reduces the number of abortions performed in the United States especially now as abortion rights and access are diminishing.
Know the laws of your state. So far in 2019, nine states have passed laws to outlaw abortion or forbid it past a certain point in pregnancy2.
VOTE! VOTE! VOTE! Small, local elections matter (mayors, congressmen, judges, etc.). Midterm elections matter. The shift from this past midterm election is how some the states shown above were able to pass these laws.